Brief Report

Human parvovirus B19-induced anaemia in pre-school children in Ilorin, Nigeria

Oluwaseyi S. Ashaka, Olajide O. Agbede, Adesuyi A. Omoare, Samuel K. Ernest
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine | Vol 7, No 1 | a615 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ajlm.v7i1.615 | © 2018 Oluwaseyi S. Ashaka, Agbede O. Olubunmi, Omoare A. Ayodeji, Ernest S. Kolade | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 09 February 2017 | Published: 10 May 2018

About the author(s)

Oluwaseyi S. Ashaka, Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, College of Health Sciences, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria
Olajide O. Agbede, Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, College of Health Sciences, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria
Adesuyi A. Omoare, Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, College of Health Sciences, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria
Samuel K. Ernest, Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, College of Health Sciences, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria


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Abstract

Sera collected from 57 anaemic and 115 non-anaemic age-matched pre-school children in Ilorin, Nigeria, between November 2014 and December 2015 were assayed for human parvovirus B19-specific IgM antibodies by using the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay technique. A total of 17 (29.8%) anaemic children and 18 (15.7%) non-anaemic children were positive for parvovirus B19 infection. Infection with parvovirus B19 is common in this population, and screening for the virus during differential diagnosis is recommended.


Keywords

Anaemia; Human Parvovirus B19; Preschool children; IgM antibodies

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