Case Study

Coexistence of Kaposi sarcoma and Molluscum contagiosum on the same site in a HIV-AIDS patient: A very rare occurrence

Kabir Abdullahi, Yahaya Mohammed, Saddiku A. Sahabi, Mahmood M. Dalhat
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine | Vol 8, No 1 | a747 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ajlm.v8i1.747 | © 2019 Kabir Abdullahi, Yahaya Mohammed, Saddiku A. Sahabi, Mahmood M. Dalhat | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 26 December 2017 | Published: 29 April 2019

About the author(s)

Kabir Abdullahi, Department of Morbid Anatomy and Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria
Yahaya Mohammed, Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria
Saddiku A. Sahabi, Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria
Mahmood M. Dalhat, Nigerian Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Abuja, Nigeria


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Abstract

Introduction: There have been numerous reported opportunistic infections among HIV/AIDS patients. However, coexistence of Kaposi sarcoma and Molluscum contagiosum on the same site is a rare finding.

Case presentation: A 37-year-old man poorly adherent to antiretroviral therapy presented with Molluscum contagiosum and Kaposi sarcoma occurring simultaneously on numerous skin lesions around mid-2017 at Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto State, Nigeria.

Management and outcome: The patient was counselled and re-initiated on a second-line highly active antiretroviral therapy regimen. The patient’s lesions resolved three months later.

Discussion: The case is presented to improve the index of suspicion among clinicians and pathologists on such rare occurrences.


Keywords

Kaposi sarcoma; Molluscum contagiosum; HIV; AIDS

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